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Beneficial effects of dalteparin on haemostatic function and local tissue oxygenation in patients with diabetes, severe vascular disease and foot ulcers

Author:
  • Majid Kalani
  • Angela Silveira
  • Margareta Blomback
  • Jan Apelqvist
  • Bjorn Eliasson
  • Jan W. Eriksson
  • Bengt Fagrell
  • Ole Torffvit
  • Anders Hamsten
  • Gun Jorneskog
Publishing year: 2007
Language: English
Pages: 653-661
Publication/Series: Thrombosis Research
Volume: 120
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

Abstract english

Introduction: A state of hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic dysfunction is present in individuals with diabetes, which may contribute to disturbed skin microcirculation and impaired ulcer heating. We have previously reported an improved outcome of chronic diabetic foot ulcers during treatment with dalteparin. In the present study we investigated the effects of dalteparin on skin microcirculation and haemostatic function. Materials and methods: 87 patients with diabetes, peripheral arterial obliterative disease and chronic foot ulcers were investigated in a prospective, randomised, double-blind and placebo-controlled study. They were randomised to treatment with subcutaneous injections of 5000 U dalteparin (n = 44) or placebo (n = 43), once daily until ulcer heating or for a maximum of six months. Plasma fibrinogen, fibrin get structure [permeability coefficient (Ks) and fiber mass/length ratio (mu)], prothrombin fragment 1 +2 (F1 +2) antigen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen were analysed before randomization (baseline value), and at the end of the treatment period. The skin microcirculation of the foot was investigated by transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2) and laser Doppler ftuxmetry (LDF). Results: The changes (A-values) of Ks, mu, tPA and TcPO2 were higher (p<0.05) during treatment with dalteparin, as compared to the changes during treatment with placebo. At baseline, plasma fibrinogen and Ks were significantly correlated to TcPO2. Conclusions: Local skin oxygenation improved and a less thrombogenic fibrin get structure was formed in patients treated with dalteparin. Beneficial effects on haemostatic function are likely to contribute to the improved skin oxygenation observed during treatment with dalteparin. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • heparin
  • molecular weight
  • low
  • fibrin get
  • fibrinotysis
  • blood coagulation
  • diabetes mellitus
  • microcirculation

Other

Published
  • Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • ISSN: 1879-2472
E-mail: jan [dot] apelqvist [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Physician

Genomics, Diabetes and Endocrinology

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Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00